Sarkozy

Diskusjon om politiske temaer fra det internasjonale nyhetsbildet.

Sarkozy

Innlegg Vegard Martinsen 15 Nov 2008, 16:52

Fra document.no

http://www.document.no/2008/11/sarkozy_ ... .html#more

Sarkozy - stans rakettskjoldet
By Hans Rustad on November 15, 2008

President Nicolas Sarkozy minner mer og mer om en løs kanon på dekk. Først var det hans utspill om felles styring av økonomisk politikk innen EU. Nå har han foreslått at amerikanerne suspenderer byggingen av rakettskjold og radar i Polen og Tsjekkia. Som om ikke det er nok har han invitert Russland til utarbeidelse av en ny sikkerhetsordning for Europa neste år. Ikke rart president Dmitrij Medvedev smilte.

Det er tidspunkt og måten utspillene kommer på, som overrasker, for ikke å si sjokkerer. Sarkozy sier rett ut at rakettskjoldet ikke er konstruktivt, etter at det ble godkjent av et samlet NATO i Bucuresti i april.

»Opstilling af et missilforsvarssystem vil intet gøre for sikkerheden i Europa. Det vil tværtimod komplicere tingene,« sagde Sarkozy i går efter et EU-topmøde med den russiske præsident i den sydfranske by Nice.
Sarkozy vet utmerket godt at USA er i en overgangsperiode, hvor presidenten er lame duck. Russland hilste valget av ny president i USA ved varsle utplassering av atomraketter i Kaliningrad. Det var så umusikalsk som vel mulig. Forvarsminister Robert Gates gikk ut for to dager siden og kommenterte at dette var svært lite konstruktivt. Likevel velger Sarkozy å legge seg opp til russerne på et toppmøte med Medvedev i Nice.

»Som formand for EU foreslog jeg, at vi mødes i midten af 2009. Her kan vi skabe grundlaget for det, som kan blive fremtidens europæiske sikkerhed,« sagde Sarkozy.

Den franske præsident foreslår, at de nye forhandlinger i første omgang bør finde sted i Organisationen for Sikkerhed og Samarbejde i Europa (OSCE).

»I den mellemliggende periode bør ingen tale om at bygge et missilskjold, der ikke gavner sikkerheden, men snarere får tingene til at gå baglæns,« sagde Sarkozy.

Frankrike har alltid ønsket om å spille førstefioliin i Europa, og det på bekostning av USA. Nå kan det se ut som om Sarkozy benytter interregnumet i Washington til å gripe initiativet.

Men slike soloutspill vil av natur lett gjøre tingene enda mer kompliserte. De øker motsetningene, selv om hensikten er det motsatte.

Det er vanskelig å se begrunnelsen i en økonomisk krise som krever samarbeid og tillit.

Igjen har Frankrike vist seg som en upålitelig spiller.

Jan Hårstad kommenterer dette slik:

Frankrike er ett av de landene i Europa som økonomisk sett er virkelig ille ute. Allerede før kollapset var det ille ute. Faktisk kom det ideer fra intelligente mennesker at en bare skulle glemme det der med Frankrike som en industrinasjon å bygge om landet til verdens mest attraktive turist-sted! Mat,vin og kultur.

Den løse kanon Sarkozys sprell og hopp er et uttrykk for den franske krisa. I det ene øyeblikket tror han at islamiseringen og afrikaniseringen av Frankrike vil hjelpe,det neste øyeblikk omfavner han Russland.
Bemerk:

Russland er allerede Europas tredje største handelspartner og et enormt framtidig marked,verdens største land.

80% av alle investeringer i Russland kommer fra Europa.
1/4 av Europas gass og olje kommer fra Russland.
USA ønsker seg en konfrontasjonslinje mot Russland som fra Europas synspunkt er galematias for da vil både energiorganiseringen og handel/investeringer med Russland bryte sammen og gjøre Europa til et definitivt katastrofeområde. Russland kan jo stoppe energi-leveransene på dagen.

Tyskerne lager ikke så mye støy som sarkozy,men jeg regner med at Schröderlinja,allianse med Russland,har enorm medvind i tysk politikk om dagen.
Vegard Martinsen
 
Innlegg: 7867
Registrert: 07 Sep 2003, 12:07

Re: Sarkozy

Innlegg QIQrrr 11 Sep 2009, 01:10

Sarkozy calls for carbon tax on imports

Financial Times, September 10, 2009

Nicolas Sarkozy, the French president, renewed his call for a European carbon tax on imports to the bloc on Thursday as he unveiled details of a new charge on fossil fuel products in France.

“I will not accept a system ... that imports products from countries that don’t respect the rules [on carbon emission reductions],” he said in a speech to factory workers in the eastern Ain region of France.

“We need to impose a carbon tax at [Europe’s] borders. I will lead that battle.”

The French president has in the past sparked accusations of protectionism after calling for European import tariffs on products from countries that do not abide by international targets on carbon emission reductions.

On Thursday economists warned that such an initiative – likely to be supported by some European countries such as Italy – could have catastrophic consequences for the ongoing attempts to strike a global trade deal.

“This would put the developed world on a collision course with China, India and other developing countries. It could do serious damage to the international trade system,” said Simon Tilford, chief economist of the Centre for European reform. “It would be seen as naked protectionism.”

Mr Sarkozy sought to defend his position, which is clearly aimed at making France’s own carbon tax more palatable in the face of strong public opposition.

“A carbon tax at the border is the natural complement to a domestic carbon tax. More importantly, a carbon tax at the borders is vital for our industries and our jobs. This has nothing to do with protectionism,” he said. “This is about fair play.”

France will become the largest economy to levy a carbon tax when it comes into effect next year.

Mr Sarkozy set the tax at €17 per tonne of carbon emissions, just above the €14 signalled by François Fillon, his prime minister, last week, but still far below the level recommended by environmental activists.

This represents about 4.5 centimes per litre of diesel, or 4 centimes per litre of petrol and 0.4 centimes per kilowatt hour of gas.

In a concession to concerns within his own party about the impact of a new tax on poorer and rural households, Mr Sarkozy said the tax would be offset by reductions in income tax or special “green cheques” for those below the tax threshold.

“The creation of the carbon tax will not increase charges in our country,” he said. No household or business would be worse off as a result, he added, and an independent commission would be set up to monitor the impact of the tax.

Børge Svanstrøm Amundsen

"Atlas was permitted the opinion that he was at liberty, if he wished, to drop the Earth and creep away; but this opinion was all that he was permitted" - Franz Kafka
Brukerens avatar
QIQrrr
 
Innlegg: 4439
Registrert: 20 Mai 2004, 23:33

Re: Sarkozy

Innlegg QIQrrr 15 Sep 2009, 13:59

France to count happiness in GDP

Financial Times, September 14, 2009

Happiness, long holidays and a sense of well-being may not be everyone’s yardstick for economic performance, but Nicolas Sarkozy believes they should be embraced by the world in a national accounting overhaul.

France’s president on Monday urged other countries to adopt proposed new measures of economic output unveiled by a panel of international economists led by Joseph Stiglitz, the US Nobel Prize winner.

Mr Sarkozy, who set up the Stiglitz-led commission last year, said the world had become trapped in a “cult of figures”.

Insee, the French statistics agency, would set about incorporating the new indicators in its accounting, Mr Sarkozy said.

One consequence of the commission’s proposed enhancements to gross domestic product data would be to improve instantly France’s economic performance by taking into account its high-quality health service, expensive welfare system and long holidays. At the same time, the commission’s changes would downgrade US economic output.

The commission suggested a series of improvements to the way GDP was measured. It proposed accounting for people’s well-being and the sustainability of a country’s economy and natural resources. “The world over, citizens think we are lying to them, that the figures are wrong, that they are manipulated,” said the president. “And they have reasons to think like that.

“Behind the cult of figures, behind all these statistical and accounting structures, there is also the cult of the market that is always right,” he said.

Mr Sarkozy’s overriding objective, at least before the crisis, was to raise France’s trend rate of growth by a percentage point. Henri Guaino, Mr Sarkozy’s speechwriter and inspiration for the commission, quipped: “We just found half of that.”

Mr Stiglitz and Jean-Paul Fitoussi, co-author, said a more comprehensive method for measuring performance would cut the per capita GDP gap between the US and France by at least half. US per capita GDP is 14 per cent higher than France’s. Although the commission did not work out the effects of its proposals on different countries, Mr Stiglitz said the changes would bring “a number of major adjustments”.

The US spends 15 per cent of its GDP on health and France 11 per cent. But if GDP accounted for outcomes and not just financial inputs, that alone would cut the per capita GDP by a third.

"If the facts don't fit the theory, change the facts" - Albert Einstein
Børge Svanstrøm Amundsen

"Atlas was permitted the opinion that he was at liberty, if he wished, to drop the Earth and creep away; but this opinion was all that he was permitted" - Franz Kafka
Brukerens avatar
QIQrrr
 
Innlegg: 4439
Registrert: 20 Mai 2004, 23:33

Re: Sarkozy

Innlegg QIQrrr 25 Okt 2009, 02:30

Reuters, Oct 23, 2009: French President Nicolas Sarkozy, initially dubbed Sarko the American for his pro-U.S. stance, is finding it much tougher to deal with Washington than he had anticipated and is recalibrating his policies accordingly. Stung by perceived snubs from U.S. President Barack Obama and encouraged by the growing importance of the G20, Sarkozy is increasingly reaching out to non-aligned states in an effort to extend France's international influence. He has forged especially close ties with Brazil, is seeking alliances in central Asia and is intensifying his activities in the Middle East, using multi-billion dollar military and civilian nuclear trade deals as his calling card. These initiatives are being played out against a discordant tone in Franco-American relations. This lack of harmony does not constitute a crisis, but is nonetheless raising eyebrows - ANALYSIS - Disappointed Sarkozy shifts gaze from Washington
Børge Svanstrøm Amundsen

"Atlas was permitted the opinion that he was at liberty, if he wished, to drop the Earth and creep away; but this opinion was all that he was permitted" - Franz Kafka
Brukerens avatar
QIQrrr
 
Innlegg: 4439
Registrert: 20 Mai 2004, 23:33

Re: Sarkozy

Innlegg QIQrrr 09 Des 2009, 01:13

Muslims must be discreet - Sarkozy

The Daily Telegraph, December 09, 2009

French President Nicolas Sarkozy stoked the debate over immigration today with a warning to Muslims to practice their religion discreetly or face rejection by moderate Islam in France.

Mr Sarkozy voiced sympathy for Swiss voters who opted last week to ban the construction of minarets as he tried to reassert himself in a debate over national identity which he launched last month but that has since spiraled out of his control.

Over the past week, Mr Sarkozy had appeared to retreat from his original comments following a backlash over the way that they were being used against immigrants, particularly Muslims.

But in a column for Le Monde, Mr Sarkozy returned to his theme and said that the result of the Swiss referendum showed how important it was for France to define its identity.

"Instead of condemning the Swiss out of hand, we should try to understand what they meant to express and what so many people in Europe feel, including people in France," he wrote. "Nothing would be worse than denial."

Mr Sarkozy called for tolerance and underlined France's respect for all faiths, but his message was intended primarily to reassure those who are unhappy about what they see as a threatening Muslim presence in the country.

"Christians, Jews, Muslims, all believers regardless of their faith, must refrain from ostentation and provocation and ... practice their religion in humble discretion," he wrote.

Addressing himself to Muslims, he wrote that anything that could appear as a challenge to France's Christian heritage and republican values would "doom to failure" a moderate Islam in France.

Mr Sarkozy enjoys majority public support with his opposition to Muslim women covering their faces in public. Parliament is reviewing ways of countering the practice and may propose an outright ban next month.

Opinion polls show rising unease over the population of 6 million Muslims. A survey last week found that 46 per cent favored banning minarets, with 40 per cent against. More than 40 percent opposed building any mosques, compared with only 19 per cent in favour.
Børge Svanstrøm Amundsen

"Atlas was permitted the opinion that he was at liberty, if he wished, to drop the Earth and creep away; but this opinion was all that he was permitted" - Franz Kafka
Brukerens avatar
QIQrrr
 
Innlegg: 4439
Registrert: 20 Mai 2004, 23:33

Re: Sarkozy

Innlegg QIQrrr 30 Des 2009, 04:07

France constitutional body rules against carbon tax

Reuters, December 29, 2009

France's planned carbon tax cannot be applied because it includes too many exemptions, a French government body ensuring laws are constitutional ruled on Tuesday, in an embarrassing setback for the government.

The tax on carbon-emitting products, meant to encourage consumers to save energy and use less fossil fuels, is one of President Nicolas Sarkozy's most loudly defended initiatives and was meant to come into effect on January 1, 2010.

"The exemptions included in the carbon tax run counter to the aim of fighting climate change and create inequalities with respect to public charges," the Constitutional Council said in a statement.

Prime Minister Francois Fillon said in a separate statement the cabinet would in January examine a new law taking into account the ruling.

Sarkozy has thrown his weight behind the levy, saying it would support the battle against climate change, but the plan had to be watered down extensively to appease critics.

In its ruling, the council said the law exempted some of the worst industrial polluters such as refineries and included relief for farmers and fishermen, among numerous other exemptions.

"93 percent of carbon dioxide emissions of industrial origin, other than fuel, will be totally exempt from the carbon tax," the government body said in the ruling.

The tax has caused public upheaval in France, with critics within the ruling party saying the tax would hurt poor families and people in rural areas with little public transport.

The opposition Greens broadly agreed with the principle but said the tax should be higher, while the Socialists said it would deal a further blow to consumers already struggling to cope with the economic downturn.

As a result, the system that was eventually adopted would have differentiated between urban and rural dwellers, and applied to oil, gas and coal but not to electricity.

The levy, initially set at 17 euros ($25) per tonne of carbon dioxide emissions, would have translated into a rise in the price of fuel for cars, domestic heating and factories.
Børge Svanstrøm Amundsen

"Atlas was permitted the opinion that he was at liberty, if he wished, to drop the Earth and creep away; but this opinion was all that he was permitted" - Franz Kafka
Brukerens avatar
QIQrrr
 
Innlegg: 4439
Registrert: 20 Mai 2004, 23:33

Re: Sarkozy

Innlegg QIQrrr 30 Des 2009, 19:53

AFP, December 30, 2009: France's public debt soared to a record 75.8 percent of output in the third quarter, official figures showed Wednesday, a week after Paris got a warning on its credit standing. The new debt figure from the statistics institute INSEE followed a stern message from Fitch Ratings that the government had to take tougher measures to rein in state spending if it wanted to preserve its top grade credit rating. France's third quarter debt-to-GDP ratio was up by 1.9 points from the second quarter to 75.8 percent, well in excess of the 60 percent stipulated in the Maastricht Treaty that established the financial basis of the eurozone. The French government has predicted that the ratio will reach 77.9 percent by the end of 2009 and 84 percent in 2010. The debt in the July to September period rose 29.4 billion euros from the second quarter to a record 1.457 trillion euros (2.1 trillion dollars). INSEE said the debt surge in the third quarter was mainly used to finance the state budget deficit - French public debt hits record
Børge Svanstrøm Amundsen

"Atlas was permitted the opinion that he was at liberty, if he wished, to drop the Earth and creep away; but this opinion was all that he was permitted" - Franz Kafka
Brukerens avatar
QIQrrr
 
Innlegg: 4439
Registrert: 20 Mai 2004, 23:33

Re: Sarkozy

Innlegg QIQrrr 01 Jan 2010, 07:07

Reuters, December 31, 2009: In a televised New Year's Eve address to the nation, Sarkozy said 2009 had been a tough year and warned of challenges ahead for 2010. "My dear compatriots, even if our ordeals are not yet over, 2010 will be a year of renewal," said Sarkozy, who is suffering the economic turbulence midway through his five-year mandate. France's state accounts have crumbled during the global downturn because of higher welfare spending and lower tax returns, and Sarkozy said he would reduce expenditure in 2010 to guarantee the health of future finances. He also promised to pursue two politically sensitive reforms over the next 12 months -- a planned shake up of the generous national pensions system and a review of how the state takes care of its growing army of elderly citizens. "In 2010 we will need to ... consolidate our pensions system, whose future financing I have a duty to secure, and face the challenge of how to care for the elderly, which in the decades ahead will be one of the most painful problems faced by our families," he said. France's social welfare budget in France, including pension and health spending, is expected to run up a 30 billion euro ($43 billion) deficit in 2009 against a 10 billion euro deficit in 2008, and is set to worsen still further in 2010. [...] He also confirmed that he would revive his flagship carbon tax, which was shot down by the Constitutional Court this week just days before the new levies on coal, gas and oil use were due to come into force - Sarkozy promises pension reform, cost cuts in 2010
Børge Svanstrøm Amundsen

"Atlas was permitted the opinion that he was at liberty, if he wished, to drop the Earth and creep away; but this opinion was all that he was permitted" - Franz Kafka
Brukerens avatar
QIQrrr
 
Innlegg: 4439
Registrert: 20 Mai 2004, 23:33

Re: Sarkozy

Innlegg QIQrrr 28 Jan 2010, 01:59

The New York Times, January 27, 2010: France wants to use its presidency of the Group of 20 next year to create a new international monetary system, President Nicolas Sarkozy said on Wednesday, adding that he believed the dollar should no longer be the primary reserve currency in the global economy. In an expansive and lofty speech to the business and political leaders gathered here at the annual World Economic Forum, Mr. Sarkozy also called for a “revolution” in international regulation that would make labor, health and environmental standards as enforceable as trade rules. Like Prime Minister Gordon Brown of Britain, he backed a tax on financial market transactions. But Mr. Sarkozy, pursuing his call for a more moral form of financial capitalism, suggested the proceeds be used to combat climate change and create a World Environment Organization as powerful as the World Trade Organization. Mr. Sarkozy also took a hard line on bankers’ bonuses, saying that lavish rewards should be denied to those who destroy wealth and jobs. But before an audience that contained many Americans and many Chinese, his comments on currencies may have had the greatest resonance. “We need a new Bretton Woods,” Mr. Sarkozy told a packed auditorium. “We can’t have on the one hand a multipolar world and on the other a single reserve currency on a global level.” In a thinly veiled reference to China keeping its currency at an undervalued level, he added: “We cannot on the one hand laud free markets and on the other tolerate monetary dumping.” During its 2011 presidency of the Group of 8 — the leading Western industrial powers plus Russia — and the wider G-20, which includes several important developing nations, France “will put the reform of the international monetary system on the agenda,” Mr. Sarkozy said. Mr. Sarkozy also warned that the economic recovery currently under way remained vulnerable, urging central banks against withdrawing monetary stimulus measures too abruptly, saying it could prompt a collapse of the world economy. "We must take care to prevent too abrupt a tightening,” he said - At Davos, Sarkozy Calls for Global Finance Rules
Børge Svanstrøm Amundsen

"Atlas was permitted the opinion that he was at liberty, if he wished, to drop the Earth and creep away; but this opinion was all that he was permitted" - Franz Kafka
Brukerens avatar
QIQrrr
 
Innlegg: 4439
Registrert: 20 Mai 2004, 23:33


Gå til Utenrikspolitikk

Hvem er i forumet

Brukere som leser i dette forumet: Ingen registrerte brukere og 3 gjester

cron